Our approach to invoicing

Our approach to invoicing at Jutras Avocats Inc.

  1. Lors de la première rencontre ou dès que possible, nous discutons avec notre client des aléas du dossier ainsi que de tout facteur pouvant influer sur sa complexité, sa durée et son coût;
  2. We describe the process ahead and its various stages; we outline professional fees reasonably foreseeable for each stage.
  3. Once the process has started, our client periodically receives detailed invoices that clearly set out the work we accomplish on his or her behalf as well as the time devoted to each task.
  4. We notify our client of all new issues that may affect fees and costs.
  5. In addition, during our mandate, we review invoicing to ensure that appropriate compensation practices are being applied.
How to reduce the costs in your file?

A few tips


Get legal counsel before doing anything.

You will then be sure to start the right way so it will be easier to put your case forward. 


Be prepared and organized.

By sending us your documentation and information without delay and in an organized matter, you allow us to concentrate on your case and work efficiently.


Take advantage of legal counsel and act accordingly.

It will sometimes takes rigor and discipline, but you will see, the result will pay off.


Put forward a discussion canal.

If you are a group, consider nominate a representative. This will avoid unnecessary duplication of the interventions.



Keep you informed and up-to-date.

By reviewing the documentation we have sent to you, we will have a better understanding of your file’s evolution.


In order to meet the needs of clients concerned about the cost of legal services and with sporadic or limited legal needs, we are pleased to offer "à la carte" legal services. This way, you retain control of your file since you entrust us with only a limited mandate, depending on your needs. In such a case, the mandate signed with our firm specifically provides for the specific acts that will be performed for you.

While this approach has its advantages (notably in financial terms), it also has its limitations, which deserve to be considered before making this choice. Indeed, in such a case, you should be aware that you only benefit from the experience and expertise of the lawyer in the context of the work done for you. Likewise, the lawyer's responsibility is limited to the work performed at your request since he does not assume the follow-up and control of your file.

Interested in customized legal services?

The limited mandate given in the context of "à la carte" legal services can be an interesting avenue for certain individuals who wish to have specific legal support limited to certain acts already identified. À la carte" legal services can also meet the needs of micro-businesses wishing to use legal services to meet limited needs. Please note that, in the case of "à la carte" legal services, the billing method may vary and the hourly rate may sometimes be converted into a lump sum. Conditions should be discussed according to the nature of the file and the scope of the work to be performed. If you believe that "à la carte" legal services can meet your needs, contact us to learn more about it.

A lawyer’s invoice generally includes two sections:

Professional fees and disbursements

Professional fees

We favor an open and realistic approach to invoicing. Transparent invoicing is vital to maintaining our relationship of trust with our clients. We provide our clients with detailed invoices that clearly describe the work we have accomplished on their behalf.

An hourly rate is the most commonly used compensation method and generally applies to all cases. Hourly rates depend on the complexity of the case and the lawyer’s experience. Other methods of calculating compensation are possible, depending on the type of case and the nature of the mandate. For instance, once client needs have been assessed, we can determine a set amount for drafting a contract. In the case of litigation, compensation is most of the time based on an hourly rate. However, particular arrangement can sometime be made later on, once the parties have exposed their argument in their proceedings. For instance, a specific amount may be agreed upon for the cost related to the trial. Or, in some cases, a combination of various methods of compensation may be used in accordance with the requirements of the mandate. Please note that fixed-price or percentage-based compensation is not applicable to all cases since various factors can impact on the duration and outcome of cases, especially in matters involving litigation. Also, we cannot agree on fix-price or percentage-based compensation without meeting with our client first and analysing his file.

Often, it is difficult to forecast precisely how much time must be devoted to a case, again especially in litigation. Multiple factors can have an impact on professional fees. However, at the start of the process, we provide an estimate of professional fees based on a reasonable forecast of the workload involved; if any change in workload or in the nature of the case occurs, we revise the estimate accordingly.


The judicial disbursements should not be confused with the professional fees. They are expenses incured in the course of the judicial process, such as: government fees, transcription costs, witness fees, bailiff fees and experts’ fees (among others).

In general, the party who looses the trial has to reimburse the winning party for the judicial disbursements incurred (unless the Court decides otherwise). However, the criterion are very specific and restrictive. Therefore, most of the expenses may not be recovered by the other party.

In all cases, our client has to pay the judicial disbursements and other expenses incurred in his file. Those disbursements are part of our invoicing. If we go to Court and we obtain a reimbursement from the other party (which will be, in any case, limited to the judicial disbursements), we simply make a refund to our client or apply a credit.